 Facilitator: Dr.Sara Lavinia
 Facilitator: Henry Silverman
Available courses
 Facilitator: Dr.Sara Lavinia
 Facilitator: Henry Silverman
 Facilitator: Dr.Shahd Osman
 Facilitator: Henry Silverman
 Facilitator: Henry Silverman
Scholarly Writing Course
Course credits: 2 credits
Meeting Time – 2 hours weekly
Meeting Place : TBA
Course Instructor
Dr. Shaza Kamal Abass, BDS, MSc, PhD.
Associate Professor of Orthodontics, University of Khartoum
Email: skabbas@hotmail.com
Course Overview:
This course will cover the importance of scientific writing with emphasis on clarity, simplicity and precision in writing. Different types of scientific articles will be addressed including original articles, review articles, case reports and commentaries. Special consideration will be given to ethical practices in writing and publications as well as acceptable writing styles and citation methods. The students will be expected to prepare a manuscript following a journal guidelines by the end of the course. Also students will learn how to prepare an as well as an abstract and a poster presentation to be submitted to a scientific meeting.
Course Objectives:
At completion of this online course, students will be able to communicate their research findings by preparing a written presentations that describes what was done and how it was done with proper discussion of their results. Students should be able to
1. Use precise clear writing style.
2. Prepare written materials that demonstrate accepted scientific styles.
3. Be able to systematically review the literature and write a literature review.
4. Avoid plagiarism through proper paraphrasing and accurate literature citations.
5. Recognize ethical challenges involved in publishing scientific research including authorship and acknowledgments.
6. Organize, evaluate and arrange data to create tables and figures that are clear , complete and effectively illustrate the important results
7. Using the “Instructions to Authors’ from a journal.
8. Identify problems in written materials and edit revise and rewrite material in order to clarify its meaning
9. Prepare an abstract suitable for submission to a scientific meeting.
10. Prepare a poster presentation
COURSE MATERIALS
The course material that will be posted on the course site, these include reading materials, lessons, and videos. The text book for this course is Day, Robert A. 1998.How to Write and Publish a scientific Paper, (5^{th} Ed). Oryx Press, NY.
COURSE SCHEDULE:
Activity 
1. Introduction to Scientific Writing (Readings: Day page 18) 
2. Type of Scientific Literature (Readings: Day Chapter 1, 32, 33, Appendices 3and 4) 
3. Elements of a scientific article (Readings: Day Chapter 32) 
4. Reviewing the Literature 
5. Introduction to primary research; Writing the Introduction and Literature Review Readings; Day page 3336, page 200 226) 
6. Introduction to primary research; Writing the Material and Methods section Readings Day pages 46 41 
7. Introduction to primary research articles Writing your results Figures, tables and other Illustrations Readings ; Day page 4245 
8. Introduction to primary research; Writing the Discussion, Title, Authors, Acknowledgement and Bibliography Readings Day Chapter 10 
9. Preparing an Abstract 
10. Guidelines for reviewing manuscripts 
11. Preparing a Book Chapter and review articles 
12. Preparing a Grant Proposal 
13. Plagiarism, Paraphrasing and Citing the Literature Readings: Day, Chapters 12 and 31 
14. Preparing a Poster Presentation 
Day, Robert A. 1998.How to Write and Publish a scientific Paper, (5^{th} Ed). Oryx Press, NY.
Assessment:
Discussion Forum 1 (15/3/2017) 30%
Discussion Forum 2 (12/4/2017) 30%
Exercises 40%
 Facilitator: Dr.Shaza Kamal
 Facilitator: Henry Silverman
Open
 Facilitator: Dr.Sara Lavinia
Closed
 Teacher: Dr. Osama Ahmed
Course Information
Course Number: 
3 
Course Title: 
Biostatistics 
Semester & Year: 
Fall 2018 
Start / End Dates: 
14/05/2018  8/07/2018 
Credit Hours: 
3 Credits 
InstructorName: 
Dr. Husam Eldin Sadig 
Phone: 
0908832728 
Instructor Response: 
Within 48 hours 
Course Description: 
The subject biostatistics is concerned with the application of statistical methods on biomeasures. This helps researchers understand the nature of the relationships between different factors which, in turn, aids the process of answering research questions and lay the foundations for developments in the health system. The course helps students acquire a set of skills relevant to the application of statistical methods (both descriptive and analytical) on biological data. 
Prerequisites: 
None 
Corequisites: 
None 
Required readings 
Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York. 
Course Learning Objectives
Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
1. Describe the importance of biostatistics in the application of health sciences research.
2. Apply measures of central tendency and dispersion on bio measures.
3. Diferentiate between the different types of probability.
4. Calculate the probability for different types of events.
5. Use the life table to estimate survival/death probability.
6. Describe the normal curve and the area underneath it using standard deviation units.
7. Discuss the sampling distribution of the sample mean and the central limit theorem.
8. Apply confidence intervals for the estimation of a sample mean.
9. Conduct hypothesis testing using different types of statistical tests.
10. Test for association and correlation between factors.
11. Apply regression analysis and use the estimated regression for prediction purposes.
Percentages:
Excersises: 40%
Assignment: 60%
Grading Scale:
Final Grade 
Percentage 
A+ 
94  100% 
A 
90 – 93% 
B 
80  89% 
C 
70  79% 
D 
60  69% 
F 
< 60% 
Submitting Assignments: assignment and excersies must be submitted on time. Late submisions will either not be accepted or will result in grade reduction at the discretion of the instructor.
All excersises and assignment should be submitted through the online system. If you encounter a problem regarding submition, first contact the programme help desk (Mr. Tarig Elkheir). If this does not resolve the issue in time to meet the deadline, notify your instructor about the problem and make the submission via email or other methods specified by your instructor.
Module Topic

Module Learning Objectives

Instructional Content and Resources

Activities 
Assessment

Due Date 
Introduction to biostatistics: significance and basic concepts 
1. Describe the importance of biostatistics in the application of health sciences research. 
REQUIRED READINGS · Lecture 1 notes. · Chapter 1 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 1: Introduction to biostatistics
Read the Required Readings 
Assignment is due 27/12 

Descriptive statistics: measures of central tendency and dispersion 
2. Apply measures of central tendency and dispersion on bio measures.

REQUIRED READINGS · Lecture 2 notes. · Chapter 3 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 2: Descriptive statistics
Read the required readings 
Excersise 1
Assignement 
Excersise 1 is due 23/11
Assignment is due 27/12 
Probability theory: definitions, probability types and random variables.

3. Diferentiate between the different types of probability. 
REQUIRED READINGS · Lecture 3 notes. · Chapter 4 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 2: Probability theory
Read the required readings 
Excersise 2
Assignement 
Excersise 2 is due 24/11
Assignment is due 27/12 
Probability theory: continued

4. Calculate the probability for different types of events. 
REQUIRED READINGS · Lecture 4 notes. · Chapter 4 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 3: Probability theory
Read the required readings 
Excersise 3
Assignement 
Excersise 3 is due 26/11
Assignment is due 22/12 
Life table 
5. Use the life table to estimate survival/death probability.

REQUIRED READINGS · Lecture 5 notes.

Lesson 5: Life table
Read the required readings 
Excersise 4
Assignement 
Excersise 4 is due 29/11
Assignment is due 27/12 
Distribution theory 
6. Describe the normal curve and the area underneath it using standard deviation units. 
· Lecture 6 notes. · Chapter 4 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 6: Distribution theory
Read the required readings 
Excersise 5
Assignement 
Excersise 5 is due 2/12
Assignment is due 27/12 
Sampling distribution and central limit theorem 
7. Discuss the sampling distribution of the sample mean and the central limit theorem.

· Lecture 7 notes. · Chapter 4 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 7: Sampling distribution and central limit theorem
Read the required readings 
Excersise 6
Assignement 
Excersise 6 is due 4/12
Assignment is due 27/12 
Inferential statistics: estimation 
8. Apply confidence intervals for the estimation of a sample mean. 
· Lecture 8 notes. · Chapter 4 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 8: Estimation
Read the required readings 
Excersise 7
Assignement 
Excersise 7 is due 7/12
Assignment is due 27/12 
Inferential statistics: test of hypothesis 
9. Conduct hypothesis testing using different types of statistical tests. 
· Lecture 9 notes. · Chapter 4 and 5 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 9: Test of hypotheisis
Read the required readings 
Excersise 8
Assignement 
Excersise 8 is due 10/12
Assignment is due 27/12 
Inferential statistics: test of hypothesis: continued 
9. Conduct hypothesis testing using different types of statistical tests. 
· Lecture 10 notes. · Chapter 5 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 10: Test of hypothesis (continued)
Read the required readings 
Excersise 9
Assignement 
Excersise 9 is due 13/12
Assignment is due 27/12 
Association and correlation 
10. Test for association and correlation between factors. 
· Lecture 11 notes. · Chapter 7 and 9 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 11: Association and correlation
Read the required readings 
Excersise 10
Assignement 
Excersise 10 is due 16/12
Assignment is due 27/12 
Regression analysis 
11. Apply regression analysis and use the estimated regression for prediction purposes. 
· Lecture 12 notes. · Chapter 9 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 12: Regression analysis
Read the required readings 
Excersise 11
Assignement 
Excersise 11 is due 18/12
Assignment is due 27/12 
Regression analysis: continued 
11. Apply regression analysis and use the estimated regression for prediction purposes.

· Lecture 13 notes. · Chapter 9 in Biostatistics: A methodology for the Health Sciences (2004), Belle, G., Fisher, L., Heagerty, P., and Lumley, T., Wiley: New York.

Lesson 13: Regression analysis
Read the required readings 
Excersise 12
Assignement 
Excersise 12 is due 20/12
Assignment is due 27/12 
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